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GLOSSARY OF TERMS

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GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Post by Admin on Tue May 25, 2010 5:26 pm

Insha Allah while we are working on our own Glossary here is a good link http://www.islamicport.com/islamic_terms/c.html

Al-Halal (the lawful): That which is permitted, with respect to which no restriction exists, and the doing of which the Law-Giver, Allah, has allowed.

Al-Haram (the prohibited or unlawful): That which the Law-Giver has absolutely prohibited; anyone who engages in it is liable to incur the punishment of Allah in the Hereafter as well as a legal punishment in this world.

Al-Makruh (the detested): That which is disapproved by the Law-Giver but not very strongly. The makruh is less in degree than the haram, and the punishment for makruh acts is less than for those that are haram, except when done to excess and in a manner which leads an individual toward what is haram.

Biddah - Means Innovation. This is the addition/removal/ignorance of an Islamic law or teaching. Bida usually goes against what is written in authentic hadiths and the Quran or goes against what the Prophet (SAW) practiced and taught. The Prophet (SAW) said: "If anyone introduces an innovation in the religion, he will be responsible for it. (Good or bad). If anyone introduces an innovation or gives shelter to a man who introduces an innovation (in the religion) he is cursed by Allah, by His angels and by all the people." [Sunnan Abu Dawud]#

Fiqh (Arabic: فقه‎) is Islamic jurisprudence (the theory and philosophy of Islamic Law). Fiqh is an expansion of the Sharia Islamic law - based directly on the Quran and Sunnah - that complements Shariah with evolving rulings/interpretations of Islamic jurists. Fiqh deals with the observance of rituals, morals and social legislation. A person trained in fiqh is known as a Faqih (plural Fuqaha).

Madhab - In Fiqh there are 4 Madhabs (schools of thought on Islamic law) - Hanafi, Malaiki, Shafai'i and Hanbali, and they are all following the Qur'an and Sunnah, and the actions of the companions of the Prophet (saws) and their successors. So the interpretations of Islamic law may differ in some minor details yet be equally valid. (Differences allowed).


Wali - Male guardian of the female (must be adult, muslim and of sound mind)
Mahram - Blood or milk relative with whom marriage is forbidden.
Insha Allah - If Allah wills (used in place of Please God)
Subhan Allah - Glory be to Allah
Alhamdililah - All praise is for Allah (used in place of Thank God)
Masha Allah - Allah has decreed it so
Halaqa - Study circle
Du'a - Supplication (talking to Allah, asking for things from him or praising him - like Christian prayer)

Jezach Allah Khair - Du'a used in place of 'Thank You' (Sukhran) May Allah bestow good upon you. A bit like the country people would say God Bless you when you give them a cup of tea.

Allahu Ta'ala Wa ilm - Allah knows best
TabarakhAllah - more blessings
Rahimullah - May Allah have mercy on him we put this when a scholar has passed away when he is alive we say
Hafiduallah -May Allah preserve him.
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