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Heaven and Hell chapter by chapter

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Heaven and Hell chapter by chapter

Post by Clare on Mon Aug 09, 2010 7:28 am

Bismillaah ir Rahmaan ir Raheem
Assalaamu 'alaykum wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuhu



Bi'idhnillaah a very important series begins on the list today, concerned
with the subject of al-Jannah and an-Naar - the Paradise and the Hell-Fire.
One of these two will be the end destination, moreover the eternal abode, for
each and every one of us. Therefore it is crucial for us to reflect on what
Allaah has prepared for mankind - for those who are obedient and recognise
His favours, and for those who reject His sins and rebel against Him.

It is my intention with these posts, after pleasing Allaah azza wa jall, to
touch the hearts of each and every one of you, as the book, on which this
series is based - "The Final Day: Paradise and Hell" by Dr. 'Umar Suleiman
al-Ashqar, Professor at the College of Shariah, University of Jordan -
touched mine. To fill your hearts with fear of Allaah's punishment as
reading it did mine; To fill your hearts as mine was filled with Love for
Allaah subhaanahu wa ta'ala and an incredible yearning for the beauty and
bliss of al-Jinaan, the Gardens; and insha'Allaah to put this dunyaa in
perspective and thus to inspire us to devote our lives to the cause of Allaah
and His Deen, to work to save our heels from even feeling the heat of the
Hell-fire.

So I ask Allaah, for the sake of our own souls, that we read each word
carefully, and deeply reflect upon the Aayaat of Allaah and the sayings of
His Messenger, so that insha'Allaah we will live our lives, as if we could
see the Fire on one side of us, and the Garden on the other.

Surely, as the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi was-sallam said, there is no life
but the life of al-aakhirah.




~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
al-Jannah wa an-Naar
In The Light of the Qur'aan and Sunnah
Based on the Book by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~




Definition and Explanation


Hell is the abode which Allaah (swt) has prepared for those who do not
believe in Him (swt), those who rebel against His (swt) laws and disbelieve
in His Messengers. It is the punishment for His (swt) enemies, the prison
for evildoers.

It is the ultimate humiliation and loss; there is nothing worse:

"Our Lord! Verily, whom You admit to the Fire, indeed, You have disgraced
him, and never will the Dhaalimoon [polytheists and wrongdoers] find any
helpers" (3:192)

"Know they not that whoever opposes and shows hostility to Allaah and His
Messenger, certainly for him will be the fire of Hell to abide therein? That
is extreme disgrace". (9:63)

"The losers are those who will lose themselves and their families on the Day
of Resurrection. Verily, that will be a manifest loss!" (39:15)


How could Hell be other than we have described, when it is full of utterly
indescribable torment, pain and grief? It is eternal and its inhabitants
will remain there forever. Allaah (swt) has condemned them and their place
in the Fire:

"Evil indeed it [Hell] is as an abode and as a place to dwell" (25:66)

"This is so! And for the Tagheen [transgressors] - will be an evil final
return - Hell! Where they will burn, and worst [indeed] is that place to
rest!" (38:55-6)


*********************************************************

Paradise and Hell Have Already Been Created


at-Tahhaawi said, in his book on al-'Aqeedah al-Salafiyyah (correct belief in
accordance with that of the early generations of Islaam) that is known as
al-'Aqeedah al-Tahhaawiyyah.

"Paradise and Hell have already been created. They will never come to an end
or cease to exist. Allaah (swt) created Paradise and Hell before the rest of
creation, and He (swt) created inhabitants for each of them. Whoever He
(swt) wishes (will enter) Paradise by His grace and mercy, and whoever He
(swt) wishes (will enter Hell) as a result of His (swt) justice. Every
person will behave according to that for which he was created, and his
destiny will be that for which he was created; good deeds and evil deeds are
foreordained for all men".

Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Abul-'Izz al-Hanafi remarked, in his commentary on
this text:

"With regard to his saying that Paradise and Hell have already been created,
Ahl as-Sunnah agree that Paradise and Hell have been created and are in
existence at the present moment. Ahlus-Sunnah continued to hold this view,
until some odd ideas of the Mu'tazilah and Qaadariyyah came along, which
denied that. These groups said: "Allaah will create them (ie Paradise and
Hell) on the Day of Resurrection." They said this because of their false
arguments by means of which they seek to improve regulations on what Allaah
(swt) should do; (they say) it befits Allaah (swt) to do this, or it does not
befit Allaah (swt) to do that. They compare Him to His creation and their
actions. This is a kind of anthropomorphism with regard to deeds; they have
allowed the ideas of Jahmiyyah (a sect of Mu'tazilah named after the deviant,
Jahm ibn Safwan) to creep into their thinking, and have become mu'attalah
(those who deny that Allaah can see). They said, "It does not make sense for
Paradise to be created before the time of reward, because it will not be used
or inhabited for a very long time. They rejected the aayaat and reports that
contradict these false notions they seek to project onto Allaah (swt). They
misinterpreted the texts and accused those who disagreed with them of going
astray and concocting bid'ah".

Proofs from the Qur'aan and Hadeeth in support of this are, for example:

"Race with one another in hastening towards forgiveness from your Lord, and
Paradise the width whereof is as the width of the heaven and the earth,
prepared for those who believe in Allaah and His Messengers. That is the
Grace of Allaah, which He bestows on whom He is pleased with. And Allaah is
the Owner of Great Bounty". (57:21)

"...for Paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for
al-Muttaqun" (3:133)

"And fear the fire, which is prepared for the disbelievers" (3:131)

"And indeed he (Muhammad) saw him (Jibreel) at a second descent (ie another
time), near Sidrat al-Muntahaa (lote tree of the utmost boundary (beyond
which none can pass), near it is the Paradise of Abode" (53:13-15)

The Prophet (saw) saw Sidrat al-Muntahaa, a tree in Heaven, and near it,
Paradise, as is mention in al-Bukhaari, and Muslim in the hadith of Anas
(ra). At the end of this narrative of al-Israa, the Prophet (saw) said,
"Then Jibreel brought me to Sidrat al-Muntahaa which was veiled in colours
indescribable. Then I entered Paradise, and its lights were of pearls and
its soil was musk".



Muslim, Abu Dawud and Imaam Ahmad report from Abu Hurayrah (ra) that the
Messenger (saw) said, "When Allaah (swt) created Paradise and Hell, He sent
Jibreel to Paradise, saying "Go and look at it and at what I have prepared
therein for its inhabitants". So he went and looked at it and at what Allaah
had prepared therein for its inhabitants.... then He sent him to Hellfire
saying, "Go and look at it and what I have prepared therein for its
inhabitants" So he looked at it and saw that it was in layers, one above the
other...."

Muslim reports from Aishah (ra) that there was a solar eclipse in the time of
the Messenger (saw) and he said, "Whilst I was standing here I saw everything
that you have been promised, I even saw myself picking some of the fruits of
Paradise, when you saw me stepping forward. And I saw Hellfire, parts of it
consuming other parts, when you saw me stepping backward".

al-Bukhaari and Muslim report from Ibn 'Abbas the same incident, "I saw
Paradise and I tried to take a bunch of its fruit. If I had managed to do
so, you would have eaten from it until the end of time. And I saw the Fire
of Hell, and I have never seen anything so horrific or terrifying. I saw
that the majority of its inhabitants are women."

Muslim also reports from Anas that the Prophet (Saw) said, "By the One in
Whose Hand is my soul, if you had seen what I saw, you would laugh little and
cry much." They said, "What did you see, O Messenger of Allaah?", He said,
"I saw Paradise and Hell".

The Prophet (saw) also ascended into jannah on the night of Mi'raj in his
'Isra (night journey): for example -

* "...I saw four rivers flowing out from beneath Sidrat al-Muntahaa, two
visible and two hidden." (Muslim, Kitaab al-Imaan, Baab al-'Israa, 1/150,
no.164)

* "Whilst I was walking in Paradise I saw a river whose banks were domes of
hollow pearls and I asked, "What is this, O Jibreel?" He said, "This is
al-Kawthar which your Rabb has given to you". (from Anas ibn Maalik, Sahih
al-Bukhaari, Kitaab ar-Riqaaq, Baab fil-Hawd, Fath al-Baari, 11/464)

al-Bukhaari and Muslim report from Jaabir that the Messenger of Allaah said,
"I entered Paradise where I saw ar-Rumaysa, the wife of Abu Talhah. And I
heard footsteps and asked, "Who is that?" He (Jibreel) said, "That is
Bilaal". And I saw a palace with women in its courtyard. I asked, "Whose is
this?" They said, It is for 'Umar ibn al-Khattab" (Mishkaat al-Masaabih,
3/226)

Imaam Ahmed, Ibn Hibbaan and al-Haakim report from Abu Hurayrah that the
Prophet (saw) said, "The children of the believers are in Paradise, being
cared for by Ibraahim (as) [and in the narration of Abu Nu'aym, ad-Dawylami,
and Ibn Asakir it adds- "and Sarah, until they give them back to their
parents on the day of Resurrection"]

al-Bukhaari and Muslim also report from 'Abdullaah ibn 'Umar (ra) that the
Messenger of Allaah (saw) said, "When anyone of you dies, he will be shown
his position morning and evening. If he is one of the people of Paradise
then he will be one of the people of Paradise, and if he is one of the people
of Hell, then he will be one of the people of Hell, and he will be told,
"This is your position, until Allaah (swt) resurrects you on the Day of
Resurrection".

According to al-Muwatta of Imaam Maalik and as-Sunaan, Abu Dawood, "Ka'b ibn
Maalik said the Messenger of Allaah (saw) said, "Verily the soul of the
believer is a bird hanging on to the trees of Paradise, until Allaah Swt
returns it to its body on the day of Resurrection"

This makes it clear that souls will enter Paradise before the Day of Resurrection.

As for the specious arguments of those who say that Hell has not been created
yet, they say: If it was already created now, then it would of necessity
have to come to an end of the Day of Resurrection and everyone in it would
have to perish because Allaah says: "Everything will perish save His Face"
(28:88) and "Everyone shall taste death.." (3:185)

The response to this is: If you mean that Paradise does not exist until the
Trumpet is blown and people are resurrected from their graves, then this is
incorrect and is refuted by the evidence quoted above and other proofs which
we have not mentioned here. If you mean that Allaah (swt) has not yet
completed the creation of everything that He will prepare for the inhabitants
of Paradise and that He is still creating more and more things in it, and
that when the believers enter Paradise, Allaah (swt) will create even more
things in it, then this is true and cannot be refuted, and the evidence that
you give can only mean this, but when you use the aayah - "Everything will
perish save His Face" - as evidence, your problem is that you misinterpret
this aayah. Using it to prove that Paradise and Hell do not yet exist is like
your colleagues using it to prove that they will both be destroyed and their
inhabitants will all perish! You and your scholars did not understand the
aayah properly; only the leaders (great scholars) of Islaam have understood
it properly. They say that "everything" for which Allaah (swt) has decreed
destruction and oblivion "will perish" but Paradise and Hell have been
created to last forever and never pass away, as has the Throne, which forms
the roof of Paradise.

"It was suggested that it meant that everything would perish except His
dominion, or whatever was done for His sake. Another suggestion was that
when Allaah (swt) revealed the word: "Whatever is on it will perish" - the
angels said, "The people of earth are doomed", and hoped that they would
remain. Allaah said that the people of heaven and earth would perish and
said, "And invoke not any other ilaah along with Allaah, Laa ilaaha illaa
Huwaa. Everything will perish save His Face" (28:88) because He is the Living
and does not die. The angels realise that they too were destined to die.
Their words should be taken in the light of and reconciled with other clear
and unambiguous reports that prove that both Paradise and Hell are eternal".

(Sharh at-Tahaawiyyah, p.479, see also Siddeeq Hasan Khan, Yaqadhah ula
al-'i'tibaar, p. 37 and 'Aqeedah as-Safarini 2/230)


Last edited by Clare on Wed Sep 08, 2010 10:04 pm; edited 2 times in total
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Parts 2 & 3

Post by Clare on Wed Sep 08, 2010 11:10 am

The Keepers of Hell

Standing over Hell are MIGHTY and STERN angels who never disobey Allaah
subhaanahu wa ta'ala Who has created them. They do whatever He commands
them, as Allaah subhaanahu wa ta'ala says:

"O you who believe! Save yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel
is men and stones, over which are [appointed] angels stern [and] severe, who
flinch not [from executing] the Commands they receive from Allaah, but do
[precisely what] they are commanded." (66:6)

Their number is nineteen as Allaah (swt) says:

"Soon I will cast him into Hellfire. And what will explain to you what Hellfire is? Naught does it permit to endure, and naught does it leave alone! Darkening and changing the colour of man! Over it are nineteen
[angels as guardians and keepers of Hell]" (74:26-30)

This number was a challenge to the kuffaar who thought that they would easily overcome such a small number, but they did not realise that one of these angels has the strength to confront the whole of mankind on his own. For this reason, Allaah (swt) said in the next aayah:

"And We have set none but angels as guardians of the Fire, and We have fixed
their numbers [19] only as a trial for the disbelievers.." (74:31)

Ibn Rajab said, "What is known and well-established among the earlier and later generations (as-Salaf wal-Khalaf) is that the trial came about when the number of angels was mentioned and the kuffaar thought that it was possible to kill them. They thought that they would be able to fight and resist them. They did not know that humankind in its entireity would not be able to resist even ONE of them." (at-Takhweef min an-Naar, p.174)

These angels are the ones whom Allaah subhaanahu wa ta'ala called the
guardians of Hell:

"Those in the Fire will say to the keepers [angels] of Hell: "Call upon your
Rabb to lighten for us the torment for a day!" (40:49)


************************************

The Location of Hell

The scholars differ as to where Hell is located at present. Some say that it
is in the lower earth, other say that it is in the heavens, and yet others
refrain from discussing the matter at all. This last group is correct, because there are no sound and clear reports that define the location of Hell. One of those who prefer not to discuss the matter at all is al-Haafidh as-Suyuti who said, "Do not discuss Hell, i.e. do not discuss where it is locaetd, for none knows this except Allaah (swt) and I know of no hadeeth that I could rely on with regard to this issue". (Siddiq Hasan Khan, Yaqazah
uli al-I'tibar, p.47)

Sheikh Waliullaah ad-Dahlawee says in, his 'Aqeedah, "There is no clear text which states their location (of Paradise and Hell). They are wherever Allaah (swt) wishes them to be, and we cannot comprehend all the universes created by Allaah (swt)" (ibid, p.47). Siddeeq Hasan Khan says, commenting on these words, "I say, that is the best and most cautious of opinions, inshaa'Allaah"
(ibid).

The Vast Extent of Hell

Hell is huge and vast and immensely deep, as is proven by several things:

(1) Those who will enter Hell are innumerable, yet one of them will be so
huge that his molars will be as big as Mount Uhud, and the distance between
his shoulders will be equivalent to three days walking. Nevertheless, Hell
will accommodate the huge number of Kuffaar and evildoers who have existed
throughout history, in spite of their huge size, and there will still be room
for more, as Allaah says in the Qur'aan:

"On the Day when We will say to Hell: "Are you filled?" It will say: "Are
there any more to come?" (50:30)

The Fire of Hell is like a mill to which are brought thousands upon thousands
of tons of grain, which it grinds tirelessly until it is all done, then waits
for more. In the hadith that describes the debate between Paradise and Hell,
it says that Allaah (swt) said to Hell, "You are My Punishment; I will punish
in you whomsoever I will". Both Paradise and Hell will be filled, but Hell
will not be filled until Allaah (swt) places His foot in it and it will say,
"Enough, enough!". Then it will be filled and its different parts will come
closer to one another. Allaah (swt) will not wrong any one of His Creation.
Reported by al-Bukhaari and Muslim from Abu Hurayrah (ra) (Jaami' al-Usool,
10/544). [See the narration from Anas in al-Bukhaari, Muslim and Mishkaat
ul-Masaabeeh, 3/109 with a similar meaning].

(2) Another indication of its vast depth is the fact that a stone thrown
from the top of Hell takes a very long time to reach the bottom. Muslim
reports that Abu Hurayrah (ra) said:

"We were with the Messenger of Allaah (saw) and we heard the sound of
something falling. The Prophet (saw) said, "Do you know what that was?" We
said, "Allaah and His Messenger know best". He said, "That was a stone that
was thrown into Hell seventy years ago and it was falling through Hell until
now". (Muslim, Kitaab al-Jannah, Baab fi shiddat haar an-naar, 4/2184 no.
2844)

Haakim reports from Abu Hurayrah, and Tabaraani from Mu'aadh and Abu Umamah
(ra) that the Prophet (Saw) said, "If there was a huge stone as big as seven khalifaat stones, and it was thrown from the edge of Hell it would fly through it for seventy years before it reached the bottom". (Saheeh al-Jaami' as-Sagheer, 5/58, no. 5124, Its isnaad is saheeh).

(3) The great number of angels who will bring Hell forth on the Day of
Resurrection.

The Messenger (saw) described how Hell will be brought forth on the Day of
Resurrection, concerning which Allaah (swt) said,

"And Hell will be brought near that Day". (89:23)

The Prophet (saw) said,

"Hell will be brought forth that Day by means of seventy thousand ropes, each
of which will be held by seventy thousand angels." (reported by Muslim from
'Abdullaah ibn Mas'ud, 4/2184 no.2842)

We can only image the vastness of this terrifying creation that requires such
a huge number of strong and powerful angels whose strength is known only to
Allaah!

(4) Another indication of the vastness of Hell is the fact that two great creations like the sun and moon will be two rolled-up bulls in Hell. at-Tahhaawee reports, in Mishkil al-Aathaar, that Salamah ibn 'Abdur-Rahman said, "Abu Hurayrah told us that the Prophet (saw) said:

"The sun and moon will be two rolled-up bulls in Hell on the Day of
Resurrection" Bayhaqi also reported this in "al-Ba'th wal-Nushur", as did
al-Bazzaar, al-Isma'ili and al-Khattaabi, with an isnaad that is saheeh
according to the conditions of al-Bukhaari, who reported in al-Saheeh
al-Mukhtasar, with the wording "The sun and moon will be rolled up in Hell of
the day of Resurrection". (Sheikh Naasir ud-Deen al-Albaani narrated this
hadeeth in Silsilah al-ahadeeth as-Saheehah, 1/32, hadith no:124)


***********************************

The Levels of Hell


There are variations in the degrees of heat in Hell, and in the levels of
punishment which Allaah (swt) has prepared for its inhabitants; there is not
just one level.

As Allaah says:

"Verily the hypocrites will be in the lowest depths [grade] of the
Fire"(4:145)

It is said that both Paradise and Hell have different levels; the lower the level in Hell, the greater the intensity of the heat. The hypocrites will suffer the worst punishment, and so they will be in the lowest level of Hell.

Allaah (swt) refers to the levels of Paradise and Hell in the Qur'aan:

"For all there will be degrees [or ranks] according to what they did" (6:132)

"Is then one who follows [seeks] the good pleasure of Allaah like the one who
draws on himself the Wrath of Allaah? His abode is Hell - and worst, indeed,
is that destination! They are in varying grades with Allaah, and Allaah is
All-Seer of what they do". (3:162-3)

'Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam said, "The levels of paradise go up and the
levels of Hell go down" [Ibn Rajab, at-Takhweef min an-Naar, p.5]. It was
reported from some of the Salaf that the sinners amongst the monotheists who
enter Hell would be in the first level, the Jews would be in the second
level, the Christians in the third level, the Sabians in the fourth level,
the Magians in the fifth level, the polytheist Arabs in the sixth level and
the hypocrites in the seventh level (1) Some books give names to these
levels: the first is called Jahanam, the second Ladhaa, the third al-Hutamah,
the fourth as-Sa'eer, the fifth Saqar, the sixth al-Jaheem, and the seventh
al-Hawiyah.

There is no proof for this division of the inhabitants of Hell or the names
that have been attributed to the various levels. The truth is that all of
these names - Jahanam, Ladhaa, al-Hutamah, etc - are alternative names by
which Hell in its entirety is known, and they are not applied to one part or
another of it. It is also known that people will be placed in different
levels of Hell according to the extent of their kufr and sins.




Footnotes

(1) If this division is based on our understanding of the texts that indicate
the evil of the various groups, then it needs to be revised, for the Magians
who worship fire are no less sinners than the Arab polytheists. It is better
not to engage in speculation about matters that were not discussed in the
nusoos (texts).

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Clare
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Part 4

Post by Clare on Thu Sep 09, 2010 11:47 am

The Gates of Hell

Allaah has told us that Hell has seven gates, as He (swt) said:

"And surely, Hell is the promised place for them all. It [Hell] has seven
gates, for each of these gates is a [special] class [of sinners] assigned".
(15:43-44)

Ibn Katheer commenting on this aayah, said: "This means that each gate has
been allotted its share of the followers of Iblees who will enter it, and the
will not be able to avoid it. May Allaah (swt) protect us from it. Each
will enter a gate according to his deeds, and will be assigned to a level of
Hell according to his deeds."

It was reported from 'Ali ibn Abi Taalib (ra) that he said, during a khutbah
(sermon): "The gates of Hell are such-and-such". Abu Harun said, "They are
in layers, one above the other". It is reported that he also said, "The
gates of Hell number seven, one above the other. The first will be filled,
then the second, then the third, until all of them are filled." (Tafseer Ibn
Katheer, 4/162)

When the disbelievers come to Hell, its gates will be opened, and they will
enter it, to remain there forever:

"And those who disbelieved will be driven to Hell in groups, till, when they
reach it, the gates thereof will be opened [suddenly like a prison at the
arrival of the prisoners]. And its keepers will say, "Did not the Messengers
come to you from yourselves - reciting to you the Verses of your Rabb, and
warning you of the Meeting of this Day of yours". They will say, "Yes" but
the Word of torment has been justified against the disbelievers". (39:71)

After they are admitted, they will be told:

"Enter you the gates of Hell, to abide therein. And [indeed] what an evil
abode of the arrogant!" (39:72)

These gates will be shut upon the evildoers, and they will have no hope of
ever escaping from them after that, as Allaah (swt) says, "But those who
reject Our Signs, they are the [unhappy] Companions of the Left Hand. On
them will be Fire vaulted over [all round]." (90:19-20)

Ibn 'Abbaas said, "vaulted" (literally: "shut over them") means that the
gates will be locked". al-Mujaahid pointed out that the word used (mu'sadah)
is the word used in the dialect of Quraysh to mean "locked" or shut" (Tafseer
Ibn Katheer 7/298)

In the Qur'aan Allaah (swt) says:

"Woe to every [kind of] scandalmonger and backbiter, who piles up wealth and
lays it by. Thinking that his wealth would make him last forever! By no
means! He will be sure to be thrown into that which Breaks to Pieces. And
what will explain to you that which breaks to pieces? The Fire of [the wrath
of] Allaah, kindled [to a blaze], which mounts [right] to the heart. It
shall be made into a vault over them, in columns outstretched." (104:1-9)

Allaah (swt) states that the gates of Hell will be locked behind them. Ibn
Abbaas said, "In columns outstretched" means that the gates will be stretched
out". 'Atiyah said, "It is a pillar of iron". Muqaatil said, "The gates
will be closed firmly behind them and locked with a bolt of iron, so that the
pain and heat will be intensified. The expression "stretched forth" applies
to the "pillar", meaning that the bolts with which the gates are locked will
be very long, because a long bolt is stronger than a short one" (Ibn Rajab,
at-Takhweef min an-Naar, p.61)

The gates of Hell may be opened and closed before the Day of Judgement. The
Prophet (Saw) told us that the gates of Hell are locked during the month of
Ramadhan. at-Tirmidhi reported that Abu Hurayrah said the Prophet (saw)
said: "When the first night of Ramadhan comes, the Shayaateen and evil jinns
are chained up. The gates of Hell are closed and not one of them is opened.
The gates of Paradise are opened and not one of them is closed." (Ibid, p.66)



***************************************************

The Fuel of Hell



Stones and the rebellious disbelievers are the fuel of Hell, as Allaah says:

"O you who believe! Save yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel
is men and stones!" (66:6)

"., then fear the Fire [hell] whose fuel is men and stones, prepared for the
disbelievers" (2:24)

What is meant by the people who will be fuel for the Fire is the disbelievers
and polytheists. As for the type of stone that will fuel the Fire, Allaah
(swt) knows best what it really is. Some of the Salaf thought that this
stone was brimstone or sulphur. 'Abdullaah ibn Mas'oud said, "It is a stone
of sulphur which Allaah (swt) created in the first heaven the day He created
the heavens and earth and prepared it for the disbelievers". This was
reported by Ibn Jareer, Ibn Abi Haatim and Haakim in al-Mustadrak. Ibn
'Abbaas, Mujaahid and Ibn Juryayj were also of this opinion. (Tafseer Ibn
Katheer, 1/107)

If this opinion was based on something that the Prophet (saw) had said then
we could accept it without hesitation or argument. If it is the matter of
ijtihaad, based on knowledge of the nature and qualities of stones, then we
cannot accept it without question. There may be other stones that are
superior to sulphur in strength and flammability. The first Muslims saw that
sulphur has qualities that do not exist in other stones, so they thought that
it would be the fuel of Hell. Ibn Rajab said, "Most of the mufassireen
suggest that what is meant by stones is sulphur, with which the Fire of Hell
will be fuelled. It was said that it includes five kinds of torment that are
not found in other stones: it catches fire quickly, it has an unpleasant
odour, it produces a lot of smoke, it sticks to flesh, and it is very hot
when it is heated" (Ibn Rajab, at-Takhweef min an-Naar, p.107). Allaah may
create other kinds of stones that are superior to sulphur, and we can be sure
that whatever exists in the Hereafter will be different from this world.

Another fuel for the Fire will be the gods, which were worshipped instead of
Allaah (swt);

"Certainly! You [disbelievers] and that which you are worshipping now besides
Allah, are [but] fuel for Hell! [Surely] you will enter it. Had these
[idols etc] been aaliha [gods] they would not have entered there [Hell] and
all of them will abide therein." (21:98-99)

"al-Jawhaari said, "Everything that is used to feed the Fire or increase it
is its fuel". Abu Ubaydah said, "Everything that you throw into the Fire is
fuel for it" (Yaqazah uli al-i'tibaar, p.61)

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Part 5

Post by Clare on Sat Sep 11, 2010 3:24 pm

The Intensity of Its Heat and the Vastness of Its Smoke and Sparks


Allaah (swt) says:

"And those on the left hand - who will be those on the Left Hand? In fierce
hot wind and boiling water. And shadow of black smoke, [that shadow]
neither cool, nor [even] good". (56:41-44)

This aayah includes all of the things that people avail themselves of in this
world when it is too hot; these three things are: water, air and shade. But
the aayah states that these three things will be of no help whatsoever to the
people of Hell. The air of Hell is al-Sumoom, which is an intensely hot
wind; its water is al-Hameem, boiling water; its shade is al-Yahmoom, which
is a part of the smoke of Hell. (at-Takhweef min an-Naar, p.85)

Just as this aayah emphasises the horrifying position of those on the Left
Hand, who are the people of Hell, another aayah emphasises the horror of Hell
itself. Allaah (swt) says:

"But he whose balance [of good deeds] will be [found] light, will have his
home in a [bottomless] pit. And what will explain to you what this is? [It
is] a Fire blazing fiercely!" (101:8-11)

The shade referred to in the aayah

"and the shadow of black smoke" (56:43)

is the shade cast by the smoke of Hell. Shade usually makes one feel cool
and comfortable, and people love to feel it, but this shade [in Hell] will
neither be cool nor pleasant; it is the shadow of black smoke.

The Qur'aan tells us that this shade is the smoke of Hell which rises above
the Fire:

""Depart you to a shadow [of smoke ascending] in three columns, [which
yields] no shade of coolness and is of no use against the Fierce Blaze".
Indeed! It [Hell] throws about sparks [huge] as forts, as if there were [a
string of] yellow camels [marching swiftly]." (77:30-33)

This aayah states that the smoke that rises from Hell is so great that it is
divided into three columns. It gives shade, but it is not cooling and it
offers no protection from the Raging Fire. The sparks that fly from this
Fire are like huge castles, and they are likened to yellow or black camels.

Allaah (swt) explained how strong this Fire is, and how it affects the
tormented:

"Soon I will cast him into Hellfire. And what will explain to you exactly
what Hellfire is? Naught does it permit to endure, and naught does it leave
alone! Darkening and changing the colour of man!" (74:26-29)

The Fire consumes all, destroying everything and leaving nothing untouched.
It burns skin, reaching to the bone, melting the contents of the stomach and
exposing what is innermost.

The Prophet (saw) told us:

"Fire as we know it is one-seventieth part of the Fire of Hell." Someone
said, "O Messenger of Allaah (saw), it is enough as it is!" He said, "It [the
fire of Hell] is as if sixty nine equal portions were added to the fire as we
know it." (al-Bukhaari)

This Fire never dies down, no matter how much time passes:

"So taste you [the results of your evil actions]; no increase shall We give
you, except in torment". (78:30)

"...whenever it abates, We shall increase for them the fierceness of the
Fire". (17:97)

The disbelievers will not taste the luxury of respite, and the torment will
not be lessened for them no matter how long it lasts:

"Their torment shall not be lightened nor shall they be helped". (2:86)

The Fire is rekindled every day as is stated in the hadith reported by Muslim
from 'Amr ibn 'Absah (ra) who said:

"The Prophet (saw) said, "Pray salaat as-subh (the early morning prayer) then
stop praying when the sun is rising until it is fully up, for it rises
between the horns of Shaytaan and the disbelievers prostrate to the sun at
that time. Then pray, for the prayer is witnessed (by the angels) until the
shadow becomes the length of a lance. Then cease prayer, for at that time
Hell is heated up. Then when the shadow moves forward, pray.."

al-Bukhaari and Muslim report from Abu Hurayrah (ra) that the Prophet said,
"When it becomes very hot, wait until it cools down to pray, because the
intense heat is a breeze from Hell".

The Fire of Hell will be further refuelled on the Day of Resurrection when it
receives its inhabitants:

"And when Hellfire shall be kindled to a fierce blaze, and when Paradise
shall be brought near". (81:12-13)

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Re: Heaven and Hell chapter by chapter

Post by Clare on Sun Sep 12, 2010 8:42 am



Hell can Speak and See


Whoever reads the descriptions of Hell in the Qur'aan and hadiths will
discover that it is a creation that can see, speak and complain. The Qur'aan
tells us that Hell will be able to see its people from afar when they are
coming towards it, and it will start to utter terrifying cries that will
indicate how much anger and hatred it feels towards these evildoers:

"When it [Hell] sees them from a far place, they will hear its raging and
roaring". (25:12)

Ibn Jareer reports that Ibn 'Abbaas said:

"A man will be dragged towards Hell, which will shrink into itself. Allaah
(swt) will say: "What is the matter with you?" It will say, "He is seeking
refuge with you from me". He will say, "Release My slave". Another man will
be dragged towards Hell and it will send out a gust of air like a mule
snorting at a camel, then it will take in a gust of air and there will be
no-one left except it will terrify him". (Ibn Katheer quoted this report in
an-Nihaayah, 2/21, and said that its isnaad is saheeh).

Imaam Ahmad and at-Tirmidhi report from Abu Salih from Abu Hurayrah (ra) that
the Prophet (saw) said:

"On the Day of Resurrection a neck will stretch forth from Hell; it will have
two eyes to see, two ears to hear, and a tongue to speak. It will say, "I
have been appointed to take care of three types of people: every arrogant
tyrant, every person who called on some deity other than Allaah (swt) and
those who made pictures" (at-Tirmidhi stated that this hadith was saheeh -
at-Takhweef min an-Naar, p.179, See also Jaami' al-Usool, 10/518, the editor
said its isnaad is hasan).



****************************************

Ibn 'Umar's Vision of Hell


al-Bukhaari and Muslim report that Ibn 'Umar said, "I saw in a dream that two
angels came to me. Each of them was holding a whip of iron in his hand.
Then I met (another) angel who was also holding a whip of iron in his hand.
They said, "Do not worry, you are a good man; we just wish that you prayed
more at night". They took me to the edge of Hell, which looked like a well
with horns: between every two horns stood an angel holding a whip of iron.
I saw men hanging upside-down, held with chains, and I recognised some men of
Quraysh. Then they led me away, towards the right. I told Hafsah about my
dream, and she told the Messenger of Allaah (saw) who said, "Abdullaah is a
righteous man". (at-Takhweef min an-Naar, p.51)



*******************************************

Does Anybody See Hell in Reality Before the Day of Resurrection?

We know that our Prophet (saw) saw Hell, just as he saw Paradise during his
lifetime. al-Bukhaari and Muslim report from 'Abdullaah ibn 'Abbaas that the
Prophet (saw) said concerning Salaat al-Khusf (eclipse prayer):

"I saw Paradise and I reached out to take a bunch of its fruits. If I had
managed to do so you would have eaten from it until the end of time. And I
saw Hell, and I have never seen anything more terrifying. I saw that most of
its inhabitants are women". (Mishkaat al-Masabeeh, 1/480)

Imaam Ahmad reports from al-Mugheerah ibn Shu'bah that the Messenger of
Allaah (saw) said:

"Hell was brought so close to me that I tried to blow its heat away from my
face. I saw there the man with the stick with the crooked end, and one who
had tended al-Baheerah (a she-camel let loose for pasture for idols, upon
which nothing was allowed to be carried), and the man of Humayr and the woman
who had imprisoned the cat". (Saheeh al-Jaami', 2/181 #1968)

Muslim reports from Jaabir (ra) that the Prophet (saw) said:

"Paradise and Hell were shown to me. Paradise was brought close to me, so
that I tried to take fruit from it but I could not reach it. Hell was shown
to me, and was brought so close that I stepped back for fear that it would
touch me. I saw a Humayr woman who was tall and black, being punished on
account of a cat that she owned: she had tied it up, not giving it anything
to eat or drink, or allowing it to eat of the vermin of the earth. I also
saw Abu Thumaamah 'Umar ibn Maalik being dragged by his trachea through
Hell". (Saheeh al-Jaami', 2/298, #2394)

After people die they are shown, in al-Barzakh (the period between death and
Judgement) their position in Paradise (if they are believers) or Hell (If
they are disbelievers).


*************************************


How Hell Affects this Earth and its Inhabitants


al-Bukhaari reports in his saheeh that Abu Hurayrah said:

"Hell complained to its Rabb, saying "O my Rabb, some parts of me have
consumed others." So He allowed it to exhale twice, once in the winter and
once in the summer. That is why you find extreme heat (in the summer) and
extreme cold (in the winter)".

al-Bukhaari also narrated from Abu Sa'eed (ra) that the Prophet (saw) said:

"Delay your prayers until it cools down, for the intensity of heat is from
the exhaled air of Hell". (Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Kitaab Bad' al-Khalq, Baab
Siffaat an-naar wa annaha makhluqah and Fath al-Baari 6/330. The author of
Jaami' al-Usool 10/517 attributed these two reports to al-Bukhaari, Muslim
and at-Tirmidhi).

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Part 7

Post by Clare on Sat Oct 02, 2010 12:44 pm

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
al-Jannah wa an-Naar
In The Light of the Qur'aan and Sunnah
Based on the Book by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~



The People of Hell and Their Evil Deeds


1. The People Who Will Abide Therein Forever

The people of Hell who will abide therein forever, never leaving it and never
dying, are the disbelievers and polytheists. Allaah (swt) says:

"But those who reject Allaah, for them will be the Fire of Hell. No term
shall be determined for them, so they should die, nor shall its penalty be
lightened for them". (35:36)

"But those who reject Faith and belie Our Signs, they shall be companions [or
dwellers] of the Fire; they shall abide therein". (2:39)

"Verily those who reject faith and die rejecting - on them is Allaah's Curse
and the Curse of the Angels and of all mankind. They will abide therein:
their penalty will not be lightened, nor will respite be their lot."
(2:161-162)

"Know they not that for those who oppose Allaah and His Messenger is the Fire
of Hell - wherein they shall dwell? That is the supreme disgrace". (9:63)

"It is not for such as join gods with Allaah to visit or maintain the Mosques
of Allaah while they witness against their own souls to infidelity [or
disbelief]. The works of such bear no fruit: In Fire shall they dwell."
(9:17)

Because they will abide therein forever, Allaah (swt) described the torment
of Hell as a lasting torment, one that will never end, one that is eternal:

"Their wish will be to get out of the Fire, but never will they get out
therefrom: their Penalty will be one that endures". (5:37)

"At length it will be said to the wrongdoers: "Taste you the enduring
punishment! You get but the recompense of what you earned!" (10:52)

Death will be slaughtered, as is stated in the hadith narration from Ibn
'Umar by al-Bukhaari and in Muslim from Abu Sa'eed who said:

"The Messenger of Allaah of Allaah (saw) said: "Death will be brought like a
horned ram, and will be made to stand between Paradise and Hell". It will be
said, "O people of Paradise, do you know what this is?" They will raise
their heads and look, and will say, "Yes, this is death". It will be said, "O
people of Hell, do you know what this is?" They will raise their heads and
look, and will say, "Yes, this is death". Then the command will be given for
death to be slaughtered. Then it will be said, "O people of Paradise, it is
eternal, there is no death. O people of Hell, it is eternal, there is no
death". Then the Messenger of Allaah (saw) recited:

"And warn them of the Day of Grief and regrets when the case has been
decided, while [now] they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe
not". (19:39)

and in the narration of at-Tirmidhi, Abu Sa'eed al-Khudree added: "If any
were to die of joy it would be the people of Paradise and if any were to die
of despair, it would be the people of Hell". (at-Tirmidhi, said "This is a
sahih hasan hadith").


2. Hell will be the Dwelling Place of the Kuffar and Mushrikeen

Because the disbelievers and polytheists will remain in Hell forever, it is
considered to be their abode or dwelling place, just as Paradise is the abode
of the believers:

"Their abode will be the Fire; and evil is the home of the wrongdoers" (3:151)

"Their abode is the Fire, because of the [evil] they earned". (10:Cool

"Is there not a home in Hell for those who reject Faith?" (29:68)

Hell is abode that they deserve:

"Your abode is the Fire: that is the proper place to claim you..." (57:15)

Hell is the worst abode and destination:

"But for the wrongdoers will be an evil place of [final] Return! - they will
burn therein - an evil bed [indeed to lie on]!" (38:55-56)


3. Those Who Call Others to Hell

Those who follow misguided beliefs and ideologies that contradict the laws
of Allaah (Swt) and those who believe in their false causes, these are the
ones who call others to Hell:

"Those [unbelievers] do [but] beckon you to the Fire.." (2:221)

"And We made them [but] leaders inviting to the Fire; and on the Day of
Judgement no help shall they find". (28:41)

One of them is Shaytaan:

"..[would they do so] even if it is Shaytaan beckoning them to the Penalty of
the [Blazing] Fire?" (31:21)

"He [Shaytaan} only invites his adherents that they may become Companions of
the blazing Fire" (35:6)

Those who call others to the Fire in this world will lead their people and
their followers to the Fire in the Hereafter. An example is Pharaoh:

"He will go before his people on the Day of Judgement, and lead them into the
Fire." (11:98)

All evil leaders who call people to their belief systems that go against
Islaam are in fact calling people to the Fire of Hell, because the only way
to escape the Fire of Hell and enter Paradise is to follow the path of Faith:

"And O my people! [strange] it is for me to call you to salvation while you
call me to the Fire!" (40:41)

This man's people were calling him to the kufr and shirk of Pharaoh while he
was calling them to Tawheed and faith in Allaah (swt). Because the kuffaar
invite people to the Fire, Allaah (swt) forbade believing men to marry
mushrik women, just as He forbade believing women to marry mushrik men:

"And do not marry unbelieving (literally, polytheist) women until they
believe. A slave woman who believes is better than a [free] unbelieving
woman, even though she allures you. Nor marry [your girls] to unbelievers
until they believer; a male slave who believes is better than a [free]
unbeliever, even though he allures you. Those [unbelievers] do [but] beckon
you to the Fire, but Allaah invites by His Grace to the Garden [of Bliss] and
forgiveness, and makes His Signs clear to mankind that they may receive
admonition" (2:221)

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Re: Heaven and Hell chapter by chapter

Post by Clare on Mon Oct 04, 2010 10:27 pm

Salams

Is anyone reading this?

Clare

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Re: Heaven and Hell chapter by chapter

Post by Clare on Mon Oct 11, 2010 3:09 pm

Nobody at all?????

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Re: Heaven and Hell chapter by chapter

Post by muslimah-mom-friend on Tue Oct 12, 2010 4:24 am

I've read the book before, and also returned to it as a reference many times later. So, sorry, I've not been reading it along with you!

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Re: Heaven and Hell chapter by chapter

Post by shahada on Fri Oct 15, 2010 2:21 pm

me too!!!
thanks for posting it
keep up the good work
and dont worry if no one is reading today they might tomorrow or in the future so its not for nothing
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